Machine Learning

The Exciting Evolution of Machine Learning

Machine Learning – ML: It may sound like a gold mine to many businesses especially for the companies which are actually data factories i.e social media platforms. Sadly the current version of machine learning as used in the industry is extremely limited and dedicated to the completion of mundane tasks. The real need is to clarify, demonstrate, extract real values and reap rewards out of this buzz words in the real business world which is missing big time.

In this blog post, I am attempting to create a short text movie of machine learning timelines to give a high-level view on machine learning evolution.

For Basics around Machine Learning please read this.

Machine Learning(ML) – Introduction to Basics

 

Machine Learning and AI

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are used interchangeably often but they are not the same. Machine learning is one of the most active areas and a way to achieve AI. Why ML is so good today; for this, there are a couple of reasons like below but not limited to though.

  • The explosion of big data
  • Hunger for new business and revenue streams in this business shrinking times
  • Advancements in machine learning algorithms
  • Development of extremely powerful machine with high capacity & faster computing ability
  • Storage capacity

Today’s machines are learning and performing tasks; that was only be done by humans in the past like making a better judgement, decisions, playing games etc. This is possible because machines can now analyse and read through patterns and remember learnings for future use. Today the major problem is to find resources that are skilled enough to demonstrate & differentiate their learning from university & PhD books in real business rather than just arguing on social media with others.

Machine learning should be treated as a culture in an organisation where business teams, managers and executives should have some basic knowledge of this technology. In order to achieve this as a culture, there have to be continuous programs and road shows for them. There are many courses which are designed for students, employees with little or no experience, managers, professionals and executive to give them a better understanding of how to harness this magnificent technology in their business.

 

Machine Learning – The Journey of Automation

In machine learning environment or setup, various algorithms and services are managed between the actual source of the data and the learning platform which can be on the cloud. ML of today in all cases does its work on centralised infrastructure. Though there are some success stories where it also runs exceptionally well on a distributed infrastructure. These methods may/may not be at the most efficient but for now, they work well.

Machine Learning

Machine learning has evolved from Artificial Intelligence subset to its own domain (not fully though). It has reached to it an inflexion point – at least in terms of messaging. I remember in my school days as part of statistics class we were told something about AI and ML and we laughed then in the 1990s. Blockchain, quantum computing and wireless connectivity to support IoT on 4G/5G (6G is not very far though) are now norms, not fascinating techs.

The evolution has happened from Turing machines to current very highly intelligent robots. How much machine learning has come far from its origin, difficult to judge and measure but results are clear and visible though. In recent years, the term ‘machine learning‘ has become very popular among developers and business alike, even though research in the field has been going on for 5 decades plus.

“A focal point where business, data, experience meets emerging technologies and decides to work together”.

AILabPage defines machine learning is a simple and easy manner as above. The classic example of ML which we use knowingly or unknowingly on an almost daily basis

  • Managing our email box. Each time clicking the “not junk” or “junk” button on a miscategorised email, the machine learns a little bit more.
  • Using Siri, Cortana or Google Assistant on smartphones.

These tools become more efficient at usage, actions we take or at each interaction with these technologies. Every time the machine learns from its mistake and adjusts the attributes e.g in case of email system it looks at each email accordingly. In short, the more we torture the data the better the algorithm gets in machine learning.

 

Machine Learning Approach

The approach of developing ML includes learning from data inputs based on “What has happened”. Evaluating and optimizing different model results remains focus here. As on date Machine Learning is widely used in data analytics as a method to develop algorithms for making predictions on data. It is related to probability, statistics, and linear algebra. Point to not its not just regression or a fancy version of regression.

Machine Learning

Machine Learning is classified into three categories at a high level depending on the nature of the learning and learning system.

  1. Supervised learning: Machine gets labelled inputs and their desired outputs. The goal is to learn a general rule to map inputs to the output.
  2. Unsupervised learning: Machine gets inputs without desired outputs, the goal is to find structure in inputs.
  3. Reinforcement learning: In this algorithm interacts with a dynamic environment, and it must perform a certain goal without a guide or teacher.

Today’s machines are learning and performing tasks; that was only be done by humans in the past like making a better judgement, decisions, playing games etc. This is possible because machines can now analyse and read through patterns and remember learnings for future use. Today the major problem is to find resources that are skilled enough to demonstrate & differentiate their learning from university & PhD books in real business rather than just arguing on social media with others.

 

Machine Learning’s Primary Goal

AILabPage defines machine learning as “A focal point where business, data, experience meets emerging technology and decides to work together”. If you have not unfolded machine learning jargon already then please take look on our machine learning post series library.

Machine learning is the process of a machine attempting to accomplish a task, independent of human intervention, more efficiently and more effectively with every passing attempt i.e learning phase. At this point, AI- a machine which mimics the human mind, is still a pipe dream. In the middle, we have the meat of the pipeline, the model, which is the machine learning algorithm that learns to predict given input data.

Machine Learning

Machine Learning is a subset of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms are used to autonomously learn from data and information. Machine Learning, however, has been a reality in our lives for quite some time on the other hand Deep learning is a subcategory of machine learning algorithms that use multi-layered neural networks to learn complex relationships between inputs and outputs.

The most basic rule and meaningful point to understand anything about machine learning are; quality of data it gets served with. So this means its purely driven by data sets to provide answers. It follows the GIGO method. The set of algorithms are as important as underlying data sets.

 

Machine Learning Evolution

Some of the evolutions, which made a huge positive impact in real-world problem solving, are highlighted in the above picture with title Machine Learning and some use cases There are success stories where organisations have made remarkable progress and value-adds for business with each type of learning. Making the right choice on which ml techniques to be used for a particular business problem requires experience and a thorough understanding.

Machine Learning

Each type of machine learning provides a strategic and competitive advantage but the availability of quality data basis which technique is chosen is far more important. Types of machine learning algorithms and which one to be used when is extremely important to know. The goal of any machine learning task and all the things that are being done in the field that puts you in a better position is to break down a real problem in design form for machine learning systems.

ML develop its own encompassing strategy from the experience it comes across over the period of time. Sir Andrew Ng says AI is a new form of electricity so, in my opinion, ML is no different; This has been one of the most active and rewarding areas of research due to its widespread use in many areas. Some of the major breakthroughs in ML include Natural Language Processing and DeepLearning.

 

Points to Note:

All credits if any remains on the original contributor only. We have covered all basics around Machine Learning. Machine Learning is all about data, computing power and algorithms to look for information. In the upcoming post, we will cover new type machine learning task under neural network Generative Adversarial Networks. A family of artificial neural networks.

 

Books + Other readings Referred

  • Research through open internet, news portals, white papers and imparted knowledge via live conferences & lectures.
  • Lab and hands-on experience of  @AILabPage (Self-taught learners group) members.

 

Feedback & Further Question

Do you have any questions about Supervised Learning or Machine Learning? Leave a comment or ask your question via email. Will try my best to answer it.

 

Sign-tConclusion – Machine Learning is the branch of computer science, unlike statistics which is a graphical branch of mathematics. Though its not entirely true but up to some extent Statistics can be called as graphical branch of mathematics (In my personal opinion). ML deals with the development of computer algorithms that learn and grow themselves. Machine Learning can be very specific task-oriented as well. In a specific environment, a machine can be forced to learn just the rules of a game. It had to try out millions of different strategies for each situation in this case before it prepares self to play against its opponent. For example a game of chess or backgammon.

 

#MachineLearning #DeepLearning #ArtificialIntelligence #ArtificialNeuralNetworks

 

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