ABC of Deep Learning – When an algorithm teach computer how to learn and decide things by itself, just like a brain. Recently, using it has become very popular because it can fix tough issues and create fresh thoughts in various fields.

Deep Learning

It is a method where machines are taught to think by imitating how our brain works with many small parts that communicate with each other. These networks can look at a lot of things to find tricky patterns and links. Deep learning models process data in a unique way compared to other types of machine learning methods. These models can figure out useful information without needing previous features to be added.

“I think people need to understand that deep learning is making a lot of things, behind the scenes, much-better” – Sir Geoffrey Hinton

What is Deep Learning?

Deep learning is a part of machine learning. This is all about using computer algorithms that copy the way our brains work. We call them Artificial Neural Networks because they are inspired by (inspired only, please) how our own brain works. Deep learning is a type of technology that can be used to guess what might happen in a situation that is hard to predict. We think people are spending more time making computers smart with technology and less time learning about what they already know.

AILabPage defines Deep learning is “undoubtedly a mind-blowing synchronization technique applied on the basis of three foundation pillars: large data, computing power, skills (enriched algorithms), and experience, which practically has no limits”.

Deep learning is performed by a specialist with a complex skillset in order to achieve better results from the same data set than could be achieved without it. It makes amazing attempts to mimic the natural intelligence (NI) mechanics of the biological neuron system.

Deep learning prioritizes the acquisition of data representations as its foundational approach to learning. It has a complex skill set because of the methods it uses for training, i.e., learning in deep learning is based on “learning data representations” rather than “task-specific algorithms,” which is the case for other methods.

Deep Learning – Properties

The Good

It has several positive pointers that make it a powerful, futuristic and promising field of study and a strong business tool.

  1. Powerful Pattern Recognition– Deep learning algorithms are not only smart but have the capacity to process huge amount of data. It is able to make sense of extensive quantities of records and recognize complicated patterns on its own. This makes it easy for machines to recognize pictures, understand videos, spoken phrases, and written text with remarkable accuracy.
  2. High Accuracy and Efficiency – Deep learning is a special type of technology that can do certain things really well, like knowing what’s in a picture or natural language processing, i.e., understanding what someone is saying. It helps machines understand human language better and provides suggestions for people. By improving overall performance for the built data models and algorithmic skills, they can gain benefits that are superior to traditional machine learning approaches.
  3. Automation and Efficiency – Deep learning can make work easier and save money by doing tasks that people used to do. Artificial intelligence-based automation helps make things better in almost every sector, like healthcare, manufacturing, financial technology, banking, etc. Efficiency and productivity come along as incentives with cost savings as cherry on top.

The Bad

Yes you red it correct, the bad part around Deep Learning. Despite it offers huge number of advantages and benefits, deep learning also presents many challenges, risk and limitations. Just three of them are as below

  1. Data Dependency – To put it simply, data dependence in deep learning means that it requires a large amount of information that has been properly labeled in order to train well. Obtaining and compiling high-quality data sets takes a significant amount of time and money. This can make using deep learning in some sectors difficult. So in short, its time-consuming and expensive nature limits the applicability of deep learning in certain domains.
  2. Black Box Nature – Deep learning models are commonly referred to as “black boxes” since they can accurately predict occurrences, but we don’t always know how they do it as there are no clear explanations of the underlying decision-making process. Because it is difficult to understand, it may cause problems in key industries such as healthcare and finance.
  3. Computational Resources – Deep learning models require powerful and extensive computing power with extended memory and a significant amount of time to process. Making intricate models with large data sets requires a lot of resources and may not be feasible for many groups. Training complex models with large datasets are not feasible for everyone.

The Risks

Deep learning has some issues that need to be fixed. It can be expensive and require a large amount of information. There are concerns about what is right or wrong that people should consider.

  1. Bias and Fairness – This means that we use algorithms to assist machines in learning patterns and trends. When computers learn patterns and behaviors, they may inadvertently learn things that aren’t true since the material they’re learning already contains some errors. This can lead to robots treating particular patterns of information unfairly, which is not acceptable. It is critical to ensure that everything is fair and equal. This prevent unjust choices from being made or items from being treated differently than they should be.
  2. Privacy and Security – Deep learning uses a lot of information to learn and understand things, but it could make people worried about their privacy and safety. Keeping your personal information safe and making sure only authorized people can see sensitive data is extremely important.
  3. Job Displacement– The automation potential of deep learning, a cutting-edge computer technology, has the potential to eliminate numerous employment in many industries. It is critical to prepare for changes in the workforce and to identify methods to educate individuals new skills.

The Usefulness

This is an important technology for the fourth revolution in industry. Its main objective to empower machines to learn new things on their own, kind of like how humans learn. Using information helps DL technology become more intelligent. Lot of discussions and around artificial neural network is the trend of today. Lots of business use it, Some of the use cases of deep learning as as below

  1. Healthcare – Deep learning is used in healthcare to assist doctors diagnose illnesses more reliably, analyze medical pictures more effectively, and develop new methods to generate individualized treatment.
  2. Autonomous Vehicles– Self-driving cars need to use deep learning to work. This means the car can use information from sensors to understand what is around it, make choices about driving, and keep the people inside the car safe.
  3. Natural Language Processing – To aids machines in their understanding of languages. This makes it simpler for them to translate languages, interpret human emotions, and construct chatbots and voice assistants. As a consequence, individuals can connect with computers more successfully.
  4. Financial Services – Deep learning data models analyze financial data in the field of finance. People use these tools to anticipate the direction of the market, identify bad actors who are attempting to defraud, rate consumers, and determine the best method to invest money.
  5. Robotics and Automation – Robots learn and get better at understanding and doing things by using a special kind of learning called deep learning. They understand what objects are, can pick them up, and can move around independently.

Furthermore, if you don’t understand the principles, sophisticated deep learning techniques might be perplexing and inhibit you from progressing. This article describes the ABC of complex deep learning subject in a simple english. The above examples highlight how deep learning can complement industries, solve difficult problems, and boost productivity. It is tough to create an effective deep learning model since things change in real life. It categorizes different approaches based on what is good, bad, risks and benefits.

Summary – Crux – Deep Learning

Deep learning algorithms learn a lot from large amounts of data by integrating fundamental components, as shown below. DL algorithms can understand difficult concepts and patterns, allowing them to make reasonable estimates and do tasks such as recognizing pictures, working with languages, and producing speech. The key components of the crux of deep learning are:

  1. Neural Networks: Deep learning models use neural networks reminiscent of the human brain to work and learn. Neural networks are made up of groups of artificial neurons that work together and perform simple calculational tasks. These neurons are set up in layers, and each layer receives information from the previous layer and produces output for the next layer.
  2. Representation Learning – Deep learning is a technique for training computers to arrange data intellectually. DL accomplish this by seeking for similar items and grouping them together. Deep neural networks process information and complicate it layer by layer. These sophisticated systems can detect little features in data, allowing the network to comprehend complex patterns and concepts. This is referred to as progressing through a process. This assists the machines in identifying connections and patterns in the data.
  3. Training with Backpropagation – When learning with backpropagation, complex models require a large amount of labeled data to improve. This iterative improvement strategy alters how a model operates in order to enhance forecast accuracy. This data assists the computer program in learning better by adjusting particular parameters throughout the whole process. The deep learning model performs better if the training data comprises many different sorts of instances and pertains to diverse types of people.
  4. Big Data and Computation – When there is a large amount of data to learn from, deep learning performs better. Having a large amount of data allows the model to learn from many distinct examples and forecast effectively even when confronted with fresh, unexpected data. Deep learning models, in addition, require a lot of computer resources to train correctly because they are complex and contain many elements.
  5. Neural Network Architectures – Different types of problems can be solved using different types of deep learning structures called neural network architectures. Some types of computer programs help to analyze images, sequence data and generate new content. These programs are called Convolutional neural networks (CNNs), Recurrent neural networks (RNNs), and Generative adversarial networks (GANs). These networks are made to use the different types of information and ways of learning.

By now you already knows what deep learning means and what are the different properties that computers can learn and understand on their own from enormous volumes of complex data. To become extremely adaptive at comprehending images, text, language, and making decisions. Deep learning algorithms depends on massive volumes of data and networks of brain-like connections.


Conclusion – This article tries to explain the basic ideas of deep learning, which is a fancy phrase used a lot. Deep learning can learn and understand complex patterns in a way that’s similar to how humans can do it. Deep learning models can understand raw data without any help, but regular machine learning methods need people to recognize specific features before using the data to learn. We do this by using deep neural networks, which have many layers and work like the human brain. The advancement of technology in research and application has improved many industry sectors already.

Feedback & Further Questions

Do you have any burning questions about Big Data, “AI & ML“, BlockchainFinTech,Theoretical PhysicsPhotography or Fujifilm(SLRs or Lenses)? Please feel free to ask your question either by leaving a comment or by sending me an email. I will do my best to quench your curiosity

Points to Note:

it’s time to figure out when to use which “deep learning algorithm”—a tricky decision that can really only be tackled with a combination of experience and the type of problem in hand. So if you think you’ve got the right answer, take a bow and collect your credits! And don’t worry if you don’t get it right; this next post will walk us through neural networks’ “neural network architecture” in detail.

Books Referred & Other material referred

  • Open Internet research, news portals and white papers reading
  • Lab and hands-on experience of  @AILabPage (Self-taught learners group) members.
  • Self-Learning through Live Webinars, Conferences, Lectures, and Seminars, and AI Talkshows

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Posted by V Sharma

A Technology Specialist boasting 22+ years of exposure to Fintech, Insuretech, and Investtech with proficiency in Data Science, Advanced Analytics, AI (Machine Learning, Neural Networks, Deep Learning), and Blockchain (Trust Assessment, Tokenization, Digital Assets). Demonstrated effectiveness in Mobile Financial Services (Cross Border Remittances, Mobile Money, Mobile Banking, Payments), IT Service Management, Software Engineering, and Mobile Telecom (Mobile Data, Billing, Prepaid Charging Services). Proven success in launching start-ups and new business units - domestically and internationally - with hands-on exposure to engineering and business strategy. "A fervent Physics enthusiast with a self-proclaimed avocation for photography" in my spare time.

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